No two mane is the same.
We are all unique. The same can be said about our locks. Do you know your hair type and how to take good care of it? It’s good if you do, but if not, it’s time to learn about it now and enjoy a head full of healthy strands for a long time.
Thinning hair is part of life and is a concern for both men and women and can have a psychological impact. However, hair loss is more prevalent in men, often developing a receding hairline and bald spots. Many decide to avoid losing more by using select hair care products that will nourish their scalp and grow healthier hair.
It’s always better to care for your strands now, rather than curing what you have lost. The best way to do it is by understanding our hair type.
Hair types are classified into four main categories by looking at your hair’s basic curl pattern. It could be straight, wavy, curly, or coily. Take note that the shapes of your hair follicle are determined by genetics, meaning these are our basic curl pattern.
Andre Walker, Oprah Winfrey’s stylist, is credited with creating a system to categorize the four curl hair patterns. Under these four are subcategories based on the tightness or looseness of the curls or coil.
Remember, our hair looks different when wet and dry. When you are assessing your hair pattern, make sure to do it when it is dry.
Type 1: Straight hair
This type has no natural curl at all, from the roots to the ends. Each strand may be fine or coarse, thick, or thin, but it naturally falls straight. Straight hair also reflects the most sheen and is the most resilient among all the hair types.
A word of caution, type 1 hair tends to become oily, so it’s best to avoid products that add oil to your hair like heavy serums. The sebum also makes it difficult to curl because the oil spreads from the scalp to the ends without any curls interrupting it.
If you have short hair and are wondering if you have straight hair, observe your strands. See if they don’t bend within the first three inches, starting from the scalp.
When styling straight hair, we recommend washing it every day and using texturising sprays and. Meanwhile, men can rely on hair wax and pomade to style short straight hair.
Sleeping with wet hair is a big no-no. This will make your hair frizzy and harder to style when you wake up the next morning. Regularly trim your hair since type 1 hair is prone to split ends. Brush your hair once it’s dry to prevent it from stretching and breaking.
Type 2: Wavy hair
The texture and sheen of wavy hair range from straight and curly hair. It is more likely to be frizzy compared to straight hair. For shorter hair, you’ll notice wave-like shapes in the first three inches of the strand. Under type 2, there are three subcategories.
This type has a natural tousled state with a light S pattern. It is oftentimes straight from the roots to around the eye level, while looser with undefined waves starting from eye level to the ends. If you have this hair type, use a light mousse or gel at the base to help define the waves. Make sure to stay away from oil-based and cream products to avoid making the waves flat.
Avoid frizz when drying your hair by blotting your hair dry with a microfiber towel or cotton t-shirt. As much as possible, air dry it. You can help define the waves with a curling iron or straighten it. However, we recommend not doing this regularly as heat causes damage to your tresses. Make sure to use a heat-protectant before applying any heat.
This type has hair curls from the midpoint to the ends that are more defined, like bouncy beach waves. It’s more prone to frizz than 2A. A balayage hair color would look great on this type since it naturally complements the dimension this hair color gives to the outer layer.
It’s best to air dry this type of hair. Remember to use a leave-in conditioner or serums before doing so to help reduce the frizz and for the waves to look smoother.
You can find the most well-defined S-shaped waves in type 2C. It is borderline curly as you notice loose curls forming form the crown, downwards. It is the frizziest among the type 2 hairs. Eliminate the frizz by drying your hair with a diffuser, which is a toothy device you place at the end of a blow dryer.
Go for anti-humidity products and control the waves without damaging it with lightweight mousses.
Type 3: Curly
This hair type resembles a lowercase “s”, uppercase “S”, or sometimes an uppercase “Z” or lowercase “z”. It can be described as voluminous and prone to frizz.
The S shapes are looser in this type. The curls have a circumference a little wider than the large end of a tapered candle.
A master stylist and founder of The Curl Whisperer recommends women with type 3A hair to say goodbye to their ponytails. Tying your hair into a ponytail causes the curls to lose their natural form. Also, pulling your hair back into a bun or ponytail can cause hair loss. This happens due to the weight of the ponytail pulling against the front of the hair.
If you can’t avoid tying your hair in a ponytail, you may need to start using a shampoo and conditioner to strengthen and rebuild damaged hair. Ideally, find a formula packed with effective and natural ingredients, like active vegan micro proteins. These penetrate deep into your scalp, nourishing your scalp, promoting extended hair cycles, and rebuilding hair length and volume.
Our products’ Bio-Pilixin Formula has Capilia Longa that stimulates healthier and stronger hair growth and Prodew 500 that revitalizes and restores damaged hair.
These curls have tighter spiral-shaped corkscrew curls. Curls spring from the roots and are more voluminous. It is more prone to become coarse and dry, generally needing more moisture.
Manage type 3B hair with hair oil and avoid using products with silicone and sulfates as these can dry the strands dry and cause breakage. Concentrate the shampoo on your scalp when washing your hair.
These curls are tight and springy — they would coil perfectly around a drinking straw. Its strands have the most shrinkage, appearing shorter than they usually really are.
Keep your type 3C hair healthy by using a leave-in conditioner and rake through wet hair with your fingertips. You can also do the co-wash routine, wherein you only use a conditioner. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends men and women with this hair type to air-dry instead of using a blow dryer.
Men can invest in natural hair butter and oils to coat the curls’ tips and protect them while getting a better definition.
Type 4: Coils
Type 4 is kinky hair, which features a tightly coiled curl pattern that is often fragile with a very high density. It has fewer cuticle layers than other hair types and is more susceptible to damage.
The curl pattern for 4A hair is an S-shaped coil you could wrap around a chopstick. It is the most delicate hair type and the best way to care for them is to use deep conditioning masques, butter, and creams.
The curls in 4B hair have a Z shape like zig-zag patterns, making it prone to dryness and breakage. It can also shrink up to 60%, appearing shorter. A popular technique to style and define these curls is shingling.
Take a leave-in conditioner, curling cream, or gel and separate the curls. Then, twist the strands around your index finger. This will help define the curls, minimize frizz, and have bouncy curls.
Type 4C coils are the tightest and without any product, it doesn’t show any distinct curl pattern. It is also the most fragile and will easily break if you comb roughly or too often. The coils can be defined using products and styling them with twists or braids.
The best way to keep this hair type healthy and prevent breakage is to nourish it with rich conditioners. The popular choices are coconut oils and shea butter creams.
Your hair, your care
A cardinal rule in taking care of your hair is to understand what your hair type is, its unique needs, and how to maintain its optimum health. Remember this is about the curl pattern from the roots to the tips. If you’re still not sure how to keep your hair healthy, it’s always best to consult a professional.
Keep in mind that wet hair is the most fragile. It is more prone to tangles and can lead to breakage. Experiment on the hair care products and routine that would best suit your hair. Make sure to avoid harmful ingredients and choose more natural ones.
Proper care is not just about the best hairstyle, as this will depend on the shape of your face and how to best showcase your natural hair texture. Instead, take advantage of your hair type by learning how to properly care for it, one strand at a time.