Why Is Hair Loss More Common In Men Than Women? Everything You Need To Know

Medically reviewedby Dr. Amy Revene M.B.B.S.
WrittenbyLuat Duong
Last updated

If you've ever wondered why men seem to lose their hair more frequently, you're not alone. In this article, we'll dive into the science behind hair loss and explain why it affects men more than women.

Whether you're experiencing hair loss yourself or just curious, we'll cover everything you need to know in a friendly, straightforward way. 

Let's get to the root of this common issue and explore the reasons behind it.

Why is hair loss more common in men than women?

Why Is Hair Loss More Common In Men Than Women?

Hair loss is more common in men due to higher levels of testosterone and its byproduct, DHT, which causes hair follicles to shrink and stop producing hair. This leads to faster and more pronounced balding in men compared to women.

"Male pattern baldness, triggered by the hormone DHT, causes hair follicles to shrink and eventually stop producing new hair," explains Dr. Kristopher M. Day, MD, FACS.

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What is androgenetic alopecia?

Androgenetic alopecia, or male or female pattern baldness, is a common form of hair loss caused by genetics and hormones. It's why many men experience receding hairlines and thinning crowns, while women might notice a broader thinning across the scalp.

This condition is linked to androgens, hormones that regulate hair growth, among other functions. In men, it typically starts with a receding hairline and progresses to a bald spot on the top of the head. Women usually experience more diffuse thinning without a receding hairline.

Androgenetic alopecia can begin as early as in one's twenties and becomes more noticeable with age. Understanding the role of genetics and hormones in this process can help manage and treat the condition.

Dr Thomas Jeneby points out, "Men are more susceptible to pattern baldness due to higher levels of DHT, which causes hair follicles to shrink and stop producing hair."

Is androgenetic alopecia more common in men than in women?

Why Is Hair Loss More Common In Men Than Women?

Yes, androgenetic alopecia is more common in men than in women. Men typically experience noticeable hair loss patterns such as receding hairlines and bald spots, often starting in their twenties or thirties.

In men, androgenetic alopecia affects about 50% by the age of 50. The condition is influenced by hormones like testosterone, which convert to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and shrink hair follicles.

Conversely, women usually see a more diffuse thinning of hair across the scalp, often becoming apparent after menopause. While both genders are affected, the patterns and prevalence are different due to hormonal and genetic factors.

"Women have lower levels of DHT and more estrogen, providing a protective effect on hair follicles and resulting in less severe hair loss compared to men," notes Dr. Kristopher M. Day, MD, FACS.

Why do men go bald?

Men go bald primarily due to a combination of genetics and hormones. This condition, known as androgenetic alopecia, is influenced by the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which affects hair follicles and leads to hair thinning and loss.

In men, baldness often begins with a receding hairline and thinning at the crown. This pattern of hair loss is inherited and can start as early as the late teens or early twenties. 

The hair follicles in balding areas become smaller over time, producing thinner and shorter hair until they eventually stop producing hair altogether. 

While stress and lifestyle can impact hair health, genetic predisposition and hormonal changes are the main culprits. Understanding these factors can help you seek appropriate treatments or manage hair loss expectations.

How does female androgenetic alopecia look?

Female androgenetic alopecia typically presents as diffuse thinning across the top of the scalp, often starting with a widening part. Unlike men, women rarely experience a receding hairline. 

Hair loss is usually gradual, initially less noticeable, but gradually more apparent over time. This pattern can be especially distressing but is common, affecting many women as they age.

How does male androgenetic alopecia look?

Male androgenetic alopecia often starts with a receding hairline and thinning at the crown, eventually leading to a bald spot. This pattern of hair loss can progress until only a ring of hair remains around the sides and back of the head. 

Hair loss can begin as early as the late teens or twenties, becoming more pronounced with age.

How common is hair loss in young men?

Why Is Hair Loss More Common In Men Than Women?

Hair loss is fairly common in young men, with around 25% experiencing some degree of androgenetic alopecia by the age of 30. This type of hair loss often begins with a receding hairline or thinning at the crown. 

Factors like genetics and hormonal changes play a significant role, and while it can be distressing, it's a widespread issue many young men face.

How common is hair loss in young women?

Hair loss in young women is less common than in men but still affects many. About 12% of women experience some hair thinning by age 29. This can be due to genetics, hormonal changes, or health issues. 

While less frequent, hair loss in young women can be particularly concerning, highlighting the importance of understanding its causes and seeking appropriate treatment.

Is male hair loss more noticeable?

Yes, male pattern hair loss is generally more noticeable due to the distinct patterns it follows, such as receding hairlines and bald spots on the crown. These patterns are easily seen and often progress rapidly, making the hair loss more apparent.

In men, androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata typically lead to a recognizable "M" shape as the hairline recedes, and eventually, a bald spot forms on the top of the head. 

This visibility of hair loss in men can be quite striking compared to female hair loss, which usually results in overall thinning rather than distinct patches. 

Pattern differences mean male hair loss is often easier to detect and more socially recognized.

Is there a way to prevent male pattern baldness?

While it can't be entirely prevented, there are several methods to slow down the process and manage male and female pattern hair loss effectively.

  • Use medications like minoxidil and finasteride
  • Maintain a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals
  • Avoid excessive use of heat and harsh chemicals on your hair
  • Manage stress through activities like exercise and meditation
  • Consider hair transplant surgery for more permanent results
  • Consult with a dermatologist for personalized treatment options

Treatments to slow or manage pattern hair loss

The treatment of androgenetic alopecia includes the following:

  • Bio-Pilixin Serum
  • Minoxidil
  • Finasteride
  • Dutasteride
  • Low-level laser therapy
  • PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) therapy
  • Hair transplant

1. Bio-Pilixin Serum

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Our Bio-Pilixin® Serum, developed by experts, is designed to reduce hair loss and support hair growth. Using advanced stem cell technology, it contains multiple plant growth factors that nurture hair follicles and stimulate new hair growth. 

Clinically tested, this serum shows results in as little as 45 days, with 93% of users reporting satisfaction in a clinical study. 

Drug-free and safe for daily use, Bio-Pilixin® Serum is an effective and natural solution for those looking to combat hair loss and promote healthier, fuller hair.

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2. Minoxidil

Minoxidil is a widely used topical treatment for hair loss available over the counter. It works by stimulating hair follicles, increasing blood flow to the scalp, and prolonging hair's growth phase. Applied twice daily, minoxidil can slow down hair loss and promote new hair growth. 

Clinical studies have shown it is effective for many users, particularly those with early-stage hair loss. It is a convenient and accessible option for men and women looking to combat thinning hair.

3. Finasteride

Finasteride is an oral medication prescribed to men to treat hair loss. It works by inhibiting the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone linked to hair follicle shrinkage. By reducing DHT levels, finasteride helps to slow hair loss and promote regrowth. 

Taken daily, it has shown significant results in clinical studies, with many users experiencing reduced hair thinning and increased hair density over time. It is a powerful option for managing male pattern baldness.

4. Dutasteride

Dutasteride is an oral medication similar to finasteride but more potent in inhibiting DHT production. It blocks the conversion of testosterone to DHT, which helps reduce hair follicle miniaturization and promote hair regrowth. 

Used primarily for treating male pattern baldness, dutasteride has demonstrated effective results in slowing hair loss and enhancing hair density. Taken under medical supervision, it offers a strong solution for those experiencing significant hair thinning.

5. Low Level Laser Therapy

Low-level Laser Therapy (LLLT) is a non-invasive treatment using laser light to stimulate hair follicles and promote growth. The low-intensity lasers increase blood circulation and cellular activity in the scalp, helping to rejuvenate weak follicles. 

LLLT can be administered through various devices, such as laser combs, helmets, or caps, and used regularly at home or in a clinic. 

This safe and effective treatment offers a convenient option for individuals seeking to manage hair loss without medication or surgery.

6. PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) Therapy

PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) therapy involves injecting a patient's platelet-rich plasma into the scalp to stimulate hair growth. The plasma, rich in growth factors, enhances the function of hair follicles, promoting new hair growth and improving hair thickness. 

The procedure involves drawing a small amount of blood, processing it to concentrate the platelets, and injecting it into areas of thinning hair. 

PRP therapy is a natural and minimally invasive option that leverages the body's healing capabilities to combat hair loss.

7. Hair Transplant

A hair transplant is a surgical procedure where hair follicles are moved from a dense area (donor site) to a thinning or bald area (recipient site) of the scalp. Techniques like Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) or Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) are used to transplant individual hair follicles. 

This procedure provides a permanent solution for hair loss, with natural-looking results. Hair transplants are effective for those with significant hair thinning or baldness, offering a long-term solution to restore a fuller head of hair.

Conclusion

In conclusion, genetic and hormonal factors make hair loss, especially androgenetic alopecia, more common in men.

Various treatments, such as Bio-Pilixin Serum, Minoxidil, Finasteride, and PRP therapy, can help manage and slow the process. 

Each treatment offers unique benefits, catering to different needs and stages of hair loss. Understanding these options allows individuals to make informed decisions about managing their hair health.

FAQs

What causes androgenetic alopecia?

Androgenetic alopecia is primarily caused by genetic factors and the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT affects hair follicles, leading to their shrinkage and eventual hair loss.

Are there any side effects of using minoxidil or finasteride?

Minoxidil may cause scalp irritation, while finasteride can have side effects such as decreased libido and erectile dysfunction. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider before starting these treatments.

How effective are hair transplants in treating baldness?

Hair transplants can be highly effective, providing a permanent solution with natural-looking results. Success depends on the surgeon's skill and the patient's hair characteristics.

References:

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430924/ 
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK278957/
  3. https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/androgenetic-alopecia/
  4. https://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(11)61759-X/fulltext
  5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289309968_A_clinical_study_of_androgenetic_alopecia 
Luat Duong

Luat Duong is a Copenhagen-based writer and content strategist specializing in hair loss and health. His work has been featured in MyHealthGuide, The Right Hairstyles, and Woman's Era. He is a graduate of Vaasa University. You can connect with him on LinkedIn.