Can Hair Transplant Fail? Risks and Prevention Strategies

Medically reviewed by Dr. Bilal Khan M.B.B.S.
Written by Our Editorial Team
Last updated

Getting a hair transplant can be an effective solution for hair loss, but what happens when it fails? In this article, we'll explore the causes, symptoms, and prevention of hair transplant failure.

Can Hair Transplant Fail?

A hair transplant can fail due to various factors, including graft rejection, patient ineligibility, poor post-transplant care, and inexperienced clinics or surgeons. The success rate of hair transplants is generally high, with clinical studies showing that about 85-95% of all implanted grafts grow in the transplanted area. Graft survival rates following a hair transplant are between 90-95%.

However, the success of a hair transplant depends on several factors, such as the patient's health, hair characteristics, operative techniques, and post-operative care. To minimize the risk of failure, it is crucial to choose an experienced surgeon, ensure you are an ideal candidate for the procedure, and follow proper post-operative care instructions.

Causes of Hair Transplant Failure

Several factors can cause hair transplant failure, including:

  • Patients not being eligible for hair transplants
  • Overharvesting of the donor area
  • Improper placement of grafts
  • Unskilled or inexperienced surgeon
  • Insufficient or patchy transplants
  • Poor hairline design
  • Unnecessary scarring
  • Patient suitability failure

It's essential to choose a reputable and experienced surgeon who uses the latest techniques and equipment to minimize the risk of hair transplant failure.

Symptoms of Hair Transplant Failure

The following are signs that your hair transplant has failed:

  • No new hair growth after the procedure
  • Transplanted hair falling out after the procedure
  • Patchy hair growth
  • Unnatural-looking hairline
  • Scarring or inflammation in the donor or recipient area

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should contact your surgeon immediately to discuss your options.

Prevention of Hair Transplant Failure

To prevent hair transplant failure, you should:

  • Choose a reputable and experienced surgeon
  • Ensure you're a good candidate for the procedure
  • Follow your surgeon's instructions before and after the procedure
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption before and after the procedure
  • Take care of your scalp after the procedure


While hair transplant failure can occur, choosing the right surgeon and following their instructions before and after the procedure can minimize the risk. If you're considering a hair transplant, it's essential to consult with a reputable and experienced surgeon and determine whether you're a good candidate for the procedure. Additionally, it's important to keep in mind that while a hair transplant can be effective, it may not be suitable for everyone. Therefore, it's crucial to have realistic expectations and discuss any concerns or questions with your surgeon before proceeding with the procedure. By taking these steps, you can increase the chances of a successful and satisfying hair transplant.

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Dr. Bilal Khan M.B.B.S. graduated from the Jinnah Sindh University in Karachi. He'll take the official medical licensing program in the US (USMLE) in September 2023. Bilal has a passion for research and has extensively fact-check and medically review articles under his name to make sure you have the most accurate information.