What are the Only Two Approved Hair Loss Treatments: FDA-Cleared Options & Effectiveness

Medically reviewed by Dr. Bilal Khan M.B.B.S.
Written by Our Editorial Team
Last updated

With the wide variety of hair loss remedies available in the market, it can be challenging to discern which ones are genuinely effective. Among these treatments, only two have received approval from the FDA for their efficacy in combating hair loss. This article delves into these two FDA-approved hair loss treatments, providing you with information that could guide your decision-making process.

What are the only two approved hair loss treatments?

The two FDA-approved treatments for hair loss are topical minoxidil and oral finasteride. Minoxidil, marketed under the brand name Rogaine among others, and finasteride, known as Propecia, have been proven to effectively combat hair loss in both men and women.

Further Details on FDA-Approved Hair Loss Treatments

Minoxidil (Rogaine)

Minoxidil, the active ingredient in Rogaine, is a topical solution that prolongs the growth phase of hair follicles. This drug has shown to stop hair loss for approximately 50% of users, with some even experiencing hair regrowth. Minoxidil is available in concentrations of 2% and 5%, with the latter often recommended for more significant hair loss.

Finasteride (Propecia)

Finasteride, sold under the brand name Propecia, is an oral medication that works by inhibiting the production of a hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is known to shrink hair follicles and contribute to hair loss. This medication is primarily prescribed for men, although some studies suggest it may also help postmenopausal women.

Other Considerations in Hair Loss Treatment

While finasteride and minoxidil are the only two FDA-approved treatments, other hair loss remedies have shown promising results. These include treatments like NeoGraft and Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT), and natural ingredients such as saw palmetto and pumpkin seed oil that are thought to block DHT.


Minoxidil and finasteride remain the only two FDA-approved treatments for hair loss, providing credible and effective options for individuals experiencing this common condition. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any treatment to understand potential side effects and ensure it is suitable for your specific needs. With proper guidance, these treatments can significantly enhance the management of hair loss and contribute to improved self-esteem and quality of life.

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Dr. Bilal Khan M.B.B.S. graduated from the Jinnah Sindh University in Karachi. He'll take the official medical licensing program in the US (USMLE) in September 2023. Bilal has a passion for research and has extensively fact-check and medically review articles under his name to make sure you have the most accurate information.