Hair loss at the crown of the head, also known as vertex balding, is a common concern for both men and women. It can result from various causes, including genetic predisposition, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions. This comprehensive guide will help you understand the possible causes of hair loss at the crown and potential treatment options.
What Can Cause Hair Loss at the Crown of the Head?
Two common types of hair loss that can impact the crown of your head include androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata. Androgenic alopecia, also known as male or female pattern baldness, is a hereditary condition that leads to hair loss at the crown in a characteristic pattern. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that causes hair to fall out in small patches, which can converge and become noticeable. Other causes can be hormonal changes, such as in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) where an excess of male hormones leads to hair thinning, stress, scalp conditions like seborrheic dermatitis or dandruff, and illnesses like hypopituitarism or ringworm infection.
Androgenic Alopecia and Crown Hair Loss
Androgenic alopecia is a leading cause of hair loss at the crown of the head. It is a genetic condition that affects both men and women, resulting in thinning hair or baldness at the crown of the head. This condition can start to manifest in your 40s or earlier if you are genetically predisposed.
Hormonal Changes and Hair Loss at the Crown
Hormonal changes due to conditions like PCOS can also trigger hair loss at the crown. PCOS causes the ovaries to produce more male hormones (androgens) than usual, which can lead to hair thinning and loss. Similarly, other hormonal imbalances resulting from thyroid diseases or menopause in women can lead to hair loss.
Scalp Conditions and Hair Loss
Scalp conditions such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and ringworm infections can also cause hair loss. These conditions lead to a flaky, scaly scalp, and when left untreated, they can cause inflammation that disrupts the normal hair growth cycle leading to hair thinning and loss at the crown of the head.
Other Medical Conditions
Other medical conditions like hypopituitarism, an underactive pituitary gland condition, and lichen planus, a skin disorder, can also cause hair loss at the crown of the head. Moreover, excessive exposure to UV light, such as from the sun or tanning beds, can lead to sunburn on the scalp, damaging hair follicles and causing hair loss.
Hair loss at the crown of the head can result from a variety of factors, including genetic predisposition, hormonal imbalances, scalp conditions, and certain medical disorders. Understanding the cause is the first step towards managing this condition. Consultation with a healthcare provider or a dermatologist can provide personalized treatment strategies for your specific condition. Remember, early intervention is key to effectively manage and mitigate hair loss.
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