Hair Care Routine For Damaged Hair: 15 Key Tips For Total Transformation

Medically reviewedby Dr. Amy Revene M.B.B.S.
WrittenbyLuat Duong
Last updated

Struggling with brittle and broken strands? Discover the best hair care routine for damaged hair to revive your locks and restore their natural shine.

In this article, we’ll guide you through essential steps and products that can help repair and protect your hair from further damage.

What causes damaged hair?

Hair care routine for damaged hair

Damaged hair is often the result of various factors that stress and weaken hair strands. Some of the key causes include:

  • Chemical treatments: Frequent use of hair dyes, perms, relaxers, or bleach.
  • Heat styling: Regular use of blow dryers, straighteners, and curling irons.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to sun, wind, and pollution.
  • Physical stress: Rough handling, tight hairstyles, and over-brushing.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: Lack of essential nutrients in diet affecting hair health.
  • Over-washing and harsh products: Excessive washing or using harsh shampoos and conditioners.
  • Chlorine and salt water: Swimming in chlorinated pools or saltwater.
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Can damaged hair be repaired?

Yes, damaged hair can be repaired to a certain extent. While severely damaged hair cannot be restored to its original state, proper care and treatment can significantly improve its condition and appearance.

Damaged hair can benefit from targeted hair care routines, especially due to external factors like heat styling or chemical treatments. 

This includes using restorative shampoos and conditioners, deep conditioning treatments, and hair masks designed to nourish and strengthen hair. 

Minimizing further damage is also crucial; this involves reducing heat styling tools, avoiding harsh chemical treatments, and protecting the hair from environmental stressors. Regular trims help get rid of split ends and prevent further breakage. 

Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals essential for hair health can aid in the repair and strengthening of damaged hair. 

While these methods can't wholly reverse the damage, they can significantly improve the hair's health and appearance.

Step by step hair care routine for damaged hair

Here's a step by step hair care routine for your damaged hair:

  1. Oil your scalp and hair: Begin with a nourishing oil treatment. Apply oil evenly through your hair and massage it into your scalp. Leave it on for at least an hour or overnight for deep penetration.
  2. Shampoo thoroughly: Use a gentle shampoo to cleanse your scalp and hair, removing oil and buildup without stripping moisture.
  3. Apply a hair mask: After shampooing, apply a rich hair mask. Distribute it evenly and let it sit for the recommended time to deeply condition your hair.
  4. Wash and towel dry: Rinse your hair thoroughly and gently towel-dry to remove excess water without causing friction.
  5. Apply serums: Use a repair serum or leave-in conditioner to damp hair. These products help to smooth frizz and seal in moisture.
  6. Protect your hair: Before using any heat styling tools, apply a heat protectant spray to shield your hair from heat damage. This step is crucial to maintaining healthy hair.

15 effective tips for damaged hair

Hair care routine for damaged hair

Caring for damaged hair requires a multifaceted approach, focusing on both prevention and repair. Here are 15 practical tips to help rejuvenate and protect your damaged hair:

1. Use a sulfate-free shampoo

Switching to a sulfate-free shampoo is fundamental in caring for damaged hair. Sulfates, detergents in many shampoos, can strip hair of natural oils, exacerbating dryness and fragility. A sulfate-free formula cleanses gently, maintaining the hair's natural moisture balance. 

This is particularly beneficial for color-treated or chemically processed hair, as it helps retain color vibrancy and reduces further stress on the hair. 

When selecting a sulfate-free shampoo, look for additional nourishing ingredients like natural oils or keratin, which can help strengthen and repair the hair.

2. Incorporate regular deep conditioning

Deep conditioning treatments are a game-changer for damaged hair. Unlike regular conditioners, deep conditioners penetrate deeper into the hair shaft, providing much-needed moisture and nutrients. 

They often contain natural oils, proteins, and amino acids that help rebuild the hair's structure, improve elasticity, and reduce breakage. 

For the best results, apply a deep conditioner after shampooing, leave it on for at least 20-30 minutes (or as per the product instructions), and then rinse thoroughly. 

Using a deep conditioning treatment once or twice a week can significantly improve your hair's texture, appearance, and health.

3. Reduce heat styling

Heat styling tools are a significant culprit in causing hair damage. High temperatures can break down the hair's protein structure, leading to dryness, brittleness, and split ends. 

To reduce damage, limit the use of tools like straighteners, curling irons, and blow dryers. When you do use them, always apply a heat protectant spray or serum to create a protective barrier on the hair. 

Additionally, try to use the lowest temperature setting that is effective for your hair type and style. Exploring no-heat styling methods can also be a fun and healthy alternative to achieve your desired look.

4. Trim regularly

Regular trims are essential to maintain healthy hair, especially when dealing with damage. Split ends can travel up the hair shaft if left untrimmed, causing more breakage and making the hair look frizzy and unhealthy. 

Getting your hair trimmed every 6-8 weeks helps to remove split ends and keeps your hair looking neat. 

Even if you are growing your hair out, regular trims are beneficial as they help maintain the health and aesthetics of your hair.

5. Use a silk or satin pillowcase

Sleeping on a silk or satin pillowcase can help reduce damage to your hair. Unlike cotton, these materials create less friction and prevent tangling and breakage while you sleep. 

This is especially helpful for those with dry, brittle, or curly hair, as it helps to preserve the hair's natural moisture and reduces the risk of hair breakage. 

Additionally, silk and satin pillowcases keep your hair smooth and reduce frizz, helping your hair look better when you wake up.

6. Avoid tight hairstyles

Tight hairstyles like ponytails, buns, and braids can cause tension in the hair follicles, leading to breakage and even hair loss in severe cases. Opt for looser styles that don't pull on the scalp or hair strands. 

If you do tie your hair up, use hair ties that are gentle on the hair, like silk scrunchies or spiral hair ties. Additionally, changing your hairstyle frequently can prevent stress on the same areas of your scalp and hair.

7. Protect hair from the sun

Just like your skin, your hair needs protection from the sun. UV rays can weaken your hair over time, leading to dryness and discoloration. Wear a hat or scarf to protect your hair when you're out in the sun for extended periods. 

You can also use hair products that contain UV filters to shield your hair from sun damage. These products work by absorbing or deflecting harmful rays, helping to keep your hair healthy and prevent color fading.

8. Use a wide-tooth comb

A wide-tooth comb is essential for gently detangling hair, especially when it's wet and most vulnerable to breakage. Start at the ends of your hair and work up to the roots to minimize tugging and stress on the hair. 

This type of comb allows for smoother detangling with less friction than a brush, reducing breakage and helping to maintain the integrity of your hair strands.

9. Avoid over-washing

Washing your hair too often can strip it of natural oils, leading to dryness and making it more prone to damage. Depending on your hair type and lifestyle, washing two to three times a week is usually sufficient. 

On non-wash days, you can refresh your hair with dry shampoo or simply rinse with water. When you do wash your hair, use lukewarm water, as hot water can further dry out your hair.

10. Eat a balanced diet

Your hair's health is significantly influenced by what you eat. A diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins is crucial for maintaining healthy hair. 

Nutrients like biotin, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, and vitamins A, C, and E promote hair strength, growth, and overall health. 

Incorporate a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains into your diet to ensure you're getting a wide range of nutrients beneficial for your hair.

11. Stay hydrated

Hydration is key for maintaining healthy hair, especially when dealing with damage. Drinking plenty of water ensures that your hair stays hydrated from the inside out. 

A well-hydrated body helps maintain the moisture balance of your hair, reducing dryness and brittleness. Aim to drink at least eight glasses of water daily, and include hydrating foods in your diet, like fruits and vegetables.

12. Limit chemical treatments

Reducing the frequency of chemical treatments like coloring, perming, and straightening can significantly improve the health of damaged hair.

These processes often involve harsh chemicals that can weaken the hair shaft and lead to increased breakage and dryness.

If you do opt for chemical treatments, choose products with nourishing ingredients and follow up with a proper aftercare routine that includes deep conditioning and protective serums.

13. Apply natural oil treatments

Using natural oils like coconut, argan, or olive oil can work wonders for damaged hair. These oils penetrate deeply into the hair shaft, providing moisture, strengthening the strands, and adding shine.

You can apply a small amount of oil to the ends of your hair daily for moisture and shine, or use it as a pre-shampoo treatment.

For a deeper treatment, apply the oil to your hair and scalp, leave it for several hours or overnight, then wash it out with a gentle shampoo.

14. Incorporate hair masks

Regular use of hair masks can be a lifesaver for damaged hair. Hair masks are intensive treatments that provide deep nourishment and hydration.

Look for masks that are rich in proteins, ceramides, and natural oils. Apply the mask at least once a week, focusing on the mid-lengths to the ends of your hair, and leave it on for the recommended time before rinsing.

This will help in restoring the hair's natural vitality, softness, and shine.

15. Avoid excessive brushing

Over-brushing can lead to more damage, especially in fragile or damaged hair. Use a brush with natural bristles or a detangling brush designed to minimize breakage.

Brush your hair only when necessary, and be gentle, starting from the ends and working your way up to prevent pulling and stress on the hair shaft.

A better approach for your overall hair health

Hair care routine for damaged hair

Incorporating the Bio-Pilixin® Activation Serum by Scandinavian Biolabs into your hair care routine can be a game-changer, especially for those dealing with damaged hair.

This clinically tested serum is designed to not only reduce hair loss but also to support hair growth.

Key highlights of the Bio-Pilixin® Serum that complement a hair care routine for damaged hair include:

  • Users have observed a significant reduction in hair loss and an increase in hair density within just 45 days.
  • It's a drug-free formula, free from hormone-disrupting effects, making it safe for regular use.
  • It works on almost all hair loss types, provided there are still active hair follicles.
  • Contains Niacinamide for keratin production and Vanillyl Butyl Ether to boost scalp blood flow.
  • Utilizes Curcuma Longa extract to awaken dormant follicles and optimize growth.
  • Many users prefer it over drug-based products and caffeine shampoos.
  • Offers a 150-day money-back guarantee, ensuring customer confidence.

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    The article provided comprehensive insights on maintaining and improving hair health, particularly for damaged hair. 

    Key points included the importance of using sulfate-free shampoos, regular deep conditioning, reducing heat styling, and getting regular trims. 

    Additionally, using a silk or satin pillowcase, avoiding tight hairstyles, protecting hair from the sun, using a wide-tooth comb for detangling, not over-washing hair, maintaining a balanced diet, and staying hydrated is crucial for hair health. 


    What are the best practices for repairing damaged hair?

    Incorporating sulfate-free shampoos, regular deep conditioning, minimizing heat styling, and regular hair trimming are key practices for repairing damaged hair.

    Can dietary changes impact hair health?

    A balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins plays a significant role in maintaining healthy hair.

    Is it possible to reverse hair damage completely?

    While severely damaged hair cannot be restored to its original state, proper care and treatment can significantly improve its condition and appearance.



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    Luat Duong

    Luat Duong is a Copenhagen-based writer and content strategist specializing in hair loss and health. His work has been featured in MyHealthGuide, The Right Hairstyles, and Woman's Era. He is a graduate of Vaasa University. You can connect with him on LinkedIn.