What Is Minoxidil 10%? Here's Everything You Need To Know

Medically reviewedby Dr. Amy Revene M.B.B.S.
WrittenbyLuat Duong
Last updated

Are you noticing more hair in your brush than usual? You're not alone. Many people face hair-thinning challenges, and the quest for a fuller head of hair leads to the discovery of various treatments. 

Whether you're dealing with pattern baldness or just looking for more volume, Minoxidil 10% could be the answer. 

In this guide, we'll delve into all the essential details you need to know about this hair growth promoter. 

From how it works to its application and potential side effects, we've got the scoop on Minoxidil 10%. 

So, if you're curious about giving your hair a helping hand, read on to learn more about this potent solution.

What is minoxidil 10%?

minoxidil 10 percent

Minoxidil 10% is an intense concentration of the minoxidil drug, used topically to promote hair growth and slow balding. It's typically used by individuals experiencing pattern hair loss or thinning hair.

Although minoxidil is available in various strengths, 10% is one of the higher concentrations. It is often chosen by those who have tried lower strengths without satisfactory results. 

As with any medication, it's essential to use it under the guidance of a healthcare provider.

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Is minoxidil 10% FDA-approved?

No, Minoxidil 10% is not FDA approved. The FDA has approved minoxidil at the 2% and 5% concentrations for the treatment of hair loss. Higher concentrations, like 10%, have not been approved by the FDA and are often used off-label. 

It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider before using higher concentrations of minoxidil for potential risks and side effects.

Is minoxidil 10% more effective than lower strengths?

minoxidil 10 percent

Some evidence suggests that Minoxidil 10% may be more effective than lower strengths in promoting hair growth, but this comes with an increased risk of side effects. 

The FDA-approved concentrations for hair loss are 2% and 5%, the strengths with the most clinical backing for safety and efficacy. 

It is generally recommended to start with a lower concentration and only consider higher ones if the desired results are not achieved and under medical supervision.

Side effects of minoxidil 10%

Minoxidil 10%, while potent for hair regrowth, can also bring a range of side effects, mainly due to its high concentration:

  • Itchiness and skin irritation on the scalp: This may manifest as a persistent itch, redness, or a burning sensation where the solution is applied, often a result of the skin reacting to the high concentration of minoxidil or other ingredients in the formulation.
  • Unwanted facial hair growth: Minoxidil can sometimes cause hair to grow in areas it comes into contact with outside the scalp, such as the forehead or face, mainly if not applied neatly or washed off the hands after use.
  • Dizziness or light-headedness: This can occur if minoxidil is absorbed into the bloodstream, lowering blood pressure and leading to dizziness or a sensation of faintness.
  • Rapid heart rate (tachycardia): In some cases, the absorption of minoxidil can affect the heart rate, causing it to beat faster, which may be concerning if experienced persistently.
  • Swelling of hands and feet (oedema): Fluid retention leading to swelling in the extremities can be a side effect, potentially indicative of the body's reaction to the drug.
  • Weight gain unexpectedly: Some individuals may experience a sudden increase in weight, which may be due to fluid retention, another possible side effect of systemic absorption of minoxidil.

These symptoms can vary in intensity and may not occur in everyone. It's crucial to monitor for any side effects while using this product and to seek medical advice if they persist or worsen.

Is minoxidil 10% suitable for women?

Minoxidil 10% is generally not recommended for women. The FDA has approved only the 2% and 5% concentrations for female pattern hair loss due to concerns over side effects and the risk of increased facial hair growth at higher doses.

Women are typically advised to use minoxidil in the 2% concentration, which is safe and effective for treating female pattern hair loss. The 5% concentration is also available for women. 

Still, it carries a higher risk of side effects, including unwanted facial hair growth. Due to these concerns, women are usually cautioned against using the 10% concentration unless under direct medical supervision.

Women need to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any treatment with minoxidil to discuss the appropriate concentration for their individual case, as well as possible side effects and expected results. 

The healthcare provider can monitor the treatment's progress and adjust to ensure safety and effectiveness.

How often should I use Minoxidil 10%?

The recommended usage for Minoxidil 10% is typically twice daily, with about 1 millilitre applied to the scalp each time. However, due to the higher concentration and increased risk of side effects, it is crucial to follow a healthcare professional's guidance when using this Minoxidil strength.

For any Minoxidil treatment, consistency is vital for seeing results. It's usually advised to apply it to a dry scalp and hair and allow it to sit for at least four hours before washing or wetting the scalp to ensure proper absorption. 

It's important to note that overuse can increase the risk of side effects without improving hair growth results. Always adhere to the prescribed amount and frequency a healthcare provider directs.

An effective alternative to minoxidil 10%

Alternative to minoxidil 10 percent

Crafted with meticulous attention by experts, the Bio-Pilixin® Serum stands at the forefront for those looking to combat hair thinning and promote regrowth. 

At its heart, this serum boasts a sophisticated formula of plant growth factors, expertly derived using cutting-edge stem cell technology. This approach nurtures the hair follicles and proactively aids in hair regeneration.

The serum enhances blood flow, which is crucial for delivering essential nutrients to the scalp and hair roots. 

Clinical evaluations have highlighted the serum's success, with numerous users noting decreased hair thinning and encouraging new hair growth in just 45 days.

Its drug-free composition makes it safe for daily application and an optimal option for individuals who are pregnant, attempting to conceive, or nursing, though medical advice is always recommended.

Our extensive clinical trials have demonstrated the Bio-Pilixin® Serum's impressive efficacy, with a significant portion of subjects experiencing reduced hair fall and a boost in hair density.

The formula's reliance on natural ingredients, devoid of harmful hormonal disruptors, speaks to the serum's gentle yet potent qualities. 

Every component is thoroughly vetted, ensuring the inclusion of only top-tier, vegan-friendly substances designed to rejuvenate the hair's innate strength and lustre.

Bio-Pilixin® Activation Serum | For Men
Bio-Pilixin® Activation Serum | For Men
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Minoxidil 10% is a highly concentrated topical solution for regrowth and combating hair thinning. 

While not FDA-approved in this strength, it may offer greater efficacy for some individuals compared to lower concentrations, albeit with a higher potential for side effects like scalp irritation, unwanted hair growth, and cardiovascular effects. 

It's typically applied twice daily, but its suitability for women and specific usage should always be discussed with a healthcare professional. 

The Bio-Pilixin® Serum is a nature-inspired alternative with clinically proven results, suitable for everyday use. 


What is Minoxidil 10% used for?

Minoxidil 10% is used to promote hair growth and slow the progression of hair loss.

Can women use Minoxidil 10%?

Women are usually advised to use lower concentrations of minoxidil, as the 10% strength is not FDA-approved and may cause significant side effects.

How often should minoxidil 10% be applied?

Minoxidil 10% should generally be applied twice daily or as a healthcare provider directs.

Are there any side effects of using Minoxidil 10%?

Yes, side effects can include scalp irritation, unwanted facial hair growth, dizziness, rapid heart rate, swelling in the extremities, and unexpected weight gain.

Is Minoxidil 10% more effective than lower concentrations?

Minoxidil 10% may be more effective for some individuals, but it also comes with a greater risk of side effects, so it should be used under medical supervision.


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  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482378/
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK278957/
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2938579/
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2180995/ 
  6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3549804/ 

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Luat Duong

Luat Duong is a Copenhagen-based writer and content strategist specializing in hair loss and health. His work has been featured in MyHealthGuide, The Right Hairstyles, and Woman's Era. He is a graduate of Vaasa University. You can connect with him on LinkedIn.